fob shipping

The supplier takes full responsibility for the computers and must either reimburse Company XYZ or reship the computers. FOB shipping point, also known as FOB origin, indicates that the title and responsibility of goods transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are placed on a delivery vehicle. Free on board (FOB) shipping point and free on board (FOB) destination are two of several international commercial terms (Incoterms) published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). When items are transported either domestically or internationally, the delivery must be accompanied by relevant documentation.

fob shipping

The amount of freight charges is due once the cargo arrives at its destination. So once the goods are in the buyer’s hands by the ocean freight company against a valid Bill of Lading once the freight charges are fully paid. When calculating the overall cost of goods, freight charges can become quite substantial. The rates for these freight charges will fluctuate depending on the transportation mode used for transit, the cargo’s volume, as well as the type of goods being shipped. FOB Destination transfers the responsibility of shipped goods when they arrive at the buyer’s specified delivery location – usually the buyer’s loading dock, post office box, or office building.

What Is FOB Shipping?

This means they pay for the goods to be transported to the port and onto the vessel. As such, the seller has a limited set of responsibilities under the contract. A common mistake is to use FOB (Free on Board) Incoterms® for containerised goods instead of using a rule for all transport modes.

Under Free on Board, the seller is responsible for delivering the goods to the port of departure, clearing it for export, and loading the goods on the vessel. Once the goods are on the vessel, the risk transfers from the seller to the buyer, who from that point is responsible for all costs thereafter. If your business buys or sells goods overseas, choosing the best Incoterms® rule for your cargo can sometimes be confusing, especially if you’re new to the world of overseas freight shipping. If the goods are damaged in transit, the loss is the responsibility of the buyer. It’s important to understand the specifics of the FOB terms so all parties know what is expected and who will be responsible for unforeseen charges and fees. Some vendors will offer longer terms for payment, but the start date is based on FOB date.

Does FOB Mean Free Shipping?

Ownership of a cargo is independent of Incoterms, which relate to delivery and risk. In international trade, ownership of the cargo is defined by the contract of sale and the bill of lading or waybill. If you agree to What is Legal Accounting Software For Lawyers point terms, remember to factor in the costs of shipping and import taxes to your location when negotiating price. Alternatively, work with the seller to add additional coverage for shipping costs into your contract. The answer depends on how comfortable you are managing freight transportation over water.

The shipper is free of any obligation regarding the goods once they are on the ship. The main difference between CIF and FOB concerns who takes much of the responsibility for shipping costs and risks. With CIF, the seller does most of the legwork, taking responsibility for the goods all the way to the buyer’s port.

What is the Difference Between FOB and FAS?

CIF is a more expensive contract option than FOB, as it demands more effort and expense on the part of the supplier. To further clarify, let’s assume that Claire’s Comb Company in the US purchases a container of The Wonder Comb from a supplier based in China. We’re firm believers in the Golden Rule, which is why editorial opinions are ours alone and have not been previously reviewed, approved, or endorsed by included advertisers. Editorial content from The Ascent is separate from The Motley Fool editorial content and is created by a different analyst team. If you use inventory management software, track each FOB delivery online to keep a close eye on it from departure to arrival.

fob shipping